Archaeological evidence of ancient human habitation in the Soda Creek region of the Cariboo has been carbon dated at approximately 4, years old. Yet in the colonial governor set up the Soda Creek Indian Reserve below. Settlers wanted the land and over a number of years the people of Xatsu'll ended up with one mile square on a rocky hillside, for all their needs. Deals made on behalf of the Xatsu'll usually ended up far more beneficial for those wanting what little Xatsu'll had left.
History[ edit ] Early history — [ edit ] Prior to the arrival of European navigators in the late s, the Victoria area was home to several communities of Coast Salish peoplesincluding the Songhees.
Although the Victoria area of the Strait of Juan de Fuca was not penetrated untilSpanish sailors visited Esquimalt Harbour just west of Victoria proper in, and In James Douglas was charged with the duty of setting up a trading post on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, upon the recommendation by George Simpson a new more northerly post be built in case Fort Vancouver fell into American hands see Oregon boundary dispute.
The city was incorporated that year as a result of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Erected in as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water" [ citation needed ] known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in Novemberin honour of Queen Victoria.
The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. The crown colony was established in Between the years a series of treaty agreements known as the Douglas Treaties were made with indigenous communities to purchase certain plots of land in exchange for goods.
When news of the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland reached San Francisco inVictoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of to over within a few days.
Victoria was incorporated as a city in In when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster — an unpopular move on the Mainland — and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in Modern history —present [ edit ] Bird's-eye view of Victoria in After the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway inVictoria lost its position as the commercial centre of the province to Vancouver.
In the latter half of the 19th century, the Port of Victoria became one of North America's largest importers of opiumserving the opium trade from Hong Kong and distribution into North America.
Opium trade was legal and unregulated untilthen the legislature issued licences and levied duties on its import and sale. The opium trade was banned in Inwith the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway terminus on Burrard InletVictoria's position as the commercial centre of British Columbia was irrevocably lost to the city of Vancouver, British Columbia.
The city subsequently began cultivating an image of genteel civility within its natural setting, aided by the impressions of visitors such as Rudyard Kiplingthe opening of the popular Butchart Gardens in and the construction of the Empress Hotel by the Canadian Pacific Railway in Robert Dunsmuira leading industrialist whose interests included coal mines and a railway on Vancouver Island, constructed Craigdarroch Castle in the Rockland area, near the official residence of the province's Lieutenant Governor.
Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve members stand outside the provincial legislature in A real-estate and development boom ended just before World War Ileaving Victoria with a large stock of Edwardian public, commercial and residential buildings that have greatly contributed to the city's character.
With the economic crash and a surplus of single men, Victoria became a target-rich environment for recruiting. Two militia infantry battalions, the 88th Victoria Fusiliers and the 50th Gordon Highlanders, formed in the immediate pre-war period.
Victoria was the home of Sir Arthur Currie. He had been a high-school teacher and real-estate agent prior to the war and was the Commanding Officer of the Gordon Highlanders in the summer of Before the end of the war he would command the Canadian Corps.
Since the s the western suburbs have been incorporated as new municipalities, such as Colwood and Langfordwhich are known collectively as the Western Communities. Greater Victoria periodically experiences calls for the amalgamation of the thirteen municipal governments within the Capital Regional District.
Pleistocene glaciation put the area under a thick ice cover, the weight of which depressed the land below present sea level.
These glaciers also deposited stony sandy loam till. As they retreated, their melt water left thick deposits of sand and gravel. Marine clay settled on what would later become dry land. Post-glacial rebound exposed the present-day terrain to air, raising beach and mud deposits well above sea level.
The resulting soils are highly variable in texture, and abrupt textural changes are common. In general, clays are most likely to be encountered in the northern part of town and in depressions.The Olympic effect on tourism growth.
Print is the main source for helping country host a Mega Event and the strategies will then be used to benefit from the Olympic Games. Event tourism is " the people who visit a destination for the primary purpose of participating in or viewing an event" (Turco, Riley & Swart, ).
Blake, It was only a few decades ago that ‘event tourism’ as a phenomenon became established as a recognisable term within the tourism industry and research community, so that subsequent growth of this sector can only be described as spectacular.
After more than seven years of planning and six weeks of fun and excitement, the Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games came to an end. Through the eyes of hundreds of thousands of visitors, as well as three billion viewers worldwide, we had the opportunity to showcase BC to the world by providing the Read More.
The Vancouver Olympic Winter Games were a success for the Olympic Movement and for the host city, region and country - although, Games.
VANCOUVER FACTS & FIGURES FEBRUARY , students across British Columbia are participating in programmes that combine physical. Since the Olympics Winter Games was held in British Columbia, tourism industry in B.C.
is growing faster than ever. British Columbia is one of the most popular traveling destinations in the world, due to numerous activates here, such as skiing, snowboarding, hiking, rafting, aboriginal. Another threat to Secwepemc Territory is the destructive impact of mass industrial tourism.
BC's pro development government is behind a rampant expansion of recreation resorts and a construction boom is taking place across BC in conjunction with the Winter Olympics.